Thursday, 15 September 2016

Canada - Bio (Cambridge Tour 2016)



Current Monarch:
  • Queen Elizabeth II (1952-present)
Type of Government:  

Parliamentary Democracy/ Constitutional Monarchy

"Every act of government is carried out in the name of the Crown (Queen Elizabeth II), but the authority for those acts flows from the Canadian people." - House of Commons Procedure and Practice

Head of State: 
  • Queen Elizabeth (1942- Present)
 Represented by the Governor General of Canada
  • David Johnston (2010 - Present) (Pictured with wife, and Cambridges)
  • Michaëlle Jean (2005-2010)
  • Adrienne Clarkson (1999-2005)

Head of Government:
Prime Minister
  • Justin Trudeau (November 2015 - Present) (Pictured with Wife)
  • Stephen Harper (2006-2015)
  • Paul Martin (2003-2006)


British Colombia (Providence)
Lieutenant Governor (Queen's representative for the Providence)
  • Judith Guichon (2012 - Present) (Pictured Centre, shaking hands with Queen)
  • Steven Point (2007 - 2012)
  • Iona Campagnolo (2001- 2007)


Premier  (Head of Government for the Providence)
  • Christy Clark (2011- Present) (Pictured)
  • Gordon Muir Campbell (2001-2011)
  • Ujjal Dosanjh (2000-2001)


Yukon (Territory)
Commissioner (Appointed by the government for the Providence, is not a representative of Monarch)
  • Doug Phillips (2010-present)
  • Geraldine Van Bibber (2005-2010)
  • Jack Cable (2000-2005)
Premier  (Head of Government for the Providence)
  • Darrell Pasloski (2011- Present)
  • Dennis Fentie (2002-2011)
  • Pat Duncan (2000-2002)
Member of the British Commonwealth? 

Yes, since 1931 (original member)

Member of United Nations?

Yes, since 1945 (original member)

Religion:
  • Roman Catholic (39%)
  • Other Christian (29%)
  • No Religious Affiliation (24%)
  • Muslim (3%)
  • Hindu (1.5%)
  • Sikh (1.4%)
  • Buddhist (1.1%)
  • Jewish (1.0%)
Population:

35 Million people

Language:
English and French are the two official languages in Canada and are given equal status by the government. 85% of the population speaks English, & 30% of the population speak French ( with 17% who speak both English and French). 1.8% of the country does not speak either French or English.

Also spoken in Canada are many Immigrant languages & 11 Aboriginal language.

Map:



Notable Royal Residences:
  • Rideau Hall (Ottawa)
    • The official residence of the Monarch and and their representative, the Governor General of Canada.
    • (1867- Present)
  • Citadelle of Quebec (Quebec City)
    • The official residence of the Monarch and and their representative, the Governor General of Canada.
    • (1872-Presnt)
  • Government House (Various places across Canada)
    • The various Government Houses through out Canada (& other commonwealth countries) are the official residence the Monarch and their Representatives the Governors-General, Governors or Lieutenant-Governors. 
  • Government House in Victoria
    • Offical residence of the Monarch and Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia 
    • (1959- Present)
    • The Cambridges will be based here. 
  • Princess Margaret Marine Park (Portland Island) in British Columbia
    • Princess Margaret was gifted the island in 1958 to commemorate her visit to the providence. In 1966 she gifted it to Canada. It is now apart of the Gulf Islands National Park Reserve.
Recent Royal Visits to Canada:
2016
  • Prince Harry (May)
    • To launch Toronto Invictus Games
  • Princess Anne (June/July)
  • Duke of Kent  (23-25th September)
2015
  • Princess Anne (February)
  • King Willem-Alexander & Queen Máxima of Netherlands (May)
    • State Visit
  • Princess Astrid of Belgium (October)
  • Prince Edward (October/November)
  • Countess Sophie (November)
2014
  • Prince Charles & Duchess Camila (May)
  • Prince Andrew  (June)
  • Prince Edward & Countess Sophie (September)
  • Crown Prince Frederik and Crown Princess Mary of Denmark (September)
  • Princess Anne & Timothy Laurence (November)
2013
  • Prince Philip (April)
  • Prince Andrew  (May)
  • Princess Anne (October)
  • Prince Edward & Countess Sophie (November)
2012
  • Prince Charles & Duchess Camila (May)
    • Diamond Jubilee Tour
  • Hereditary Grand Duke Guillaume (May)
  • Prince Edward & Countess Sophie (September)
  • Princess Alexandra (October)
2011
  • Prince William & Duchess Catherine (June-July)
  • Prince Andrew, Princess Beatrice & Princess Eugenie (July)
  • Prince Edward (July)
    • D of E Award
  • Countess Sophie (November)

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